Rough-Cut Capacity Planning (RCCP): Optimizing Production Capacity


RCCP is a valuable technique used in production planning to assess the feasibility of the master production schedule and ensure that production plans can be executed within capacity constraints. In this article, we will explore the importance of RCCP, its key components, and provide a practical example to help you understand its application.

Understanding Rough-Cut Capacity Planning (RCCP): 

Rough-Cut Capacity Planning is a high-level capacity assessment technique that helps organizations evaluate the availability of resources required to execute the master production schedule. It serves as an initial check to ensure that the production plan aligns with the organization’s capacity constraints and identifies potential bottlenecks early in the planning process.

Key Components of RCCP: 

To better understand RCCP, let’s explore its key components:

  1. Master Production Schedule (MPS): The MPS serves as the foundation for RCCP. It outlines the production plan, specifying the quantity and timing of finished products to be manufactured within a given time frame. The MPS provides the necessary input for RCCP analysis.

  2. Capacity Constraints: RCCP considers various capacity constraints, including equipment availability, labor resources, machine capacities, and other limiting factors within the production process. These constraints help determine the feasibility of the production plan.

  3. Bill of Materials (BOM): The BOM outlines the components and raw materials required to manufacture the finished products specified in the MPS. RCCP takes into account the resource requirements derived from the BOM during capacity evaluation.

  4. Resource Capacity Data: RCCP relies on accurate data regarding the available capacity of resources involved in the production process. This data may include machine capacities, work center availability, labor hours, and any other relevant information related to the capacity of resources.

Example of Rough-Cut Capacity Planning (RCCP): 

Let’s consider a hypothetical example of a furniture manufacturing company that produces various types of wooden chairs and tables. The company’s MPS outlines the production plan for the upcoming quarter, specifying the quantities and timing of each product.

To perform RCCP, the company gathers data on resource capacities, such as the number of woodworking machines available, the available hours of skilled labor, and the capacity of its finishing department. The RCCP analysis then compares the production requirements specified in the MPS with the available capacities to assess feasibility.

Suppose the MPS indicates a need to produce 500 chairs and 300 tables during a specific week. RCCP evaluates whether the production plan can be executed within the available resources. It considers factors such as the time required to manufacture each item, the number of machines and labor hours needed, and any potential constraints in the finishing department.

If the RCCP analysis reveals that the available capacity can accommodate the production plan, the company can proceed with confidence, knowing that the plan is feasible. However, if the analysis indicates a capacity shortfall or identifies potential bottlenecks, adjustments can be made to the production plan in advance, allowing the company to take necessary actions such as hiring additional labor or reallocating resources to meet demand.


Rough-Cut Capacity Planning (RCCP) plays a vital role in production planning by assessing the feasibility of the master production schedule within the available resource capacities. By evaluating capacity constraints early in the planning process, organizations can proactively address potential issues and optimize their production plans. RCCP helps ensure that production schedules align with the organization’s capacity, leading to improved operational efficiency, minimized disruptions, and enhanced customer satisfaction.